Exact Join Detection for Convex Polyhedra and Other Numerical Abstractions

Title
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBagnara R, Hill PM, Zaffanella E
JournalComputational Geometry: Theory and Applications
Volume43
Pagination453–473
ISSN0925-7721
Keywordsundefined
Abstract

Deciding whether the union of two convex polyhedra is itself a convex polyhedron is a basic problem in polyhedral computations; having important applications in the field of constrained control and in the synthesis, analysis, verification and optimization of hardware and software systems. In such application fields though, general convex polyhedra are just one among many, so-called, numerical abstractions, which range from restricted families of (not necessarily closed) convex polyhedra to non-convex geometrical objects. We thus tackle the problem from an abstract point of view: for a wide range of numerical abstractions that can be modeled as bounded join-semilattices –-that is, partial orders where any finite set of elements has a least upper bound–-, we show necessary and sufficient conditions for the equivalence between the lattice-theoretic join and the set-theoretic union. For the case of closed convex polyhedra –-which, as far as we know, is the only one already studied in the literature–- we improve upon the state-of-the-art by providing a new algorithm with a better worst-case complexity. The results and algorithms presented for the other numerical abstractions are new to this paper. All the algorithms have been implemented, experimentally validated, and made available in the Parma Polyhedra Library.

DOI10.1016/j.comgeo.2009.09.002
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